عنوان مقاله [English]
Abbasi 4 bagh avenue is one of a historical avenue in Isfahan that is located between Darvazeh Dolat and Si-O-Se pol. This avenue had been designed in Shah abbas I era. Shah Abbas I was the king who changed his capital from Qazvin to Esfahan and decided to pour all the countries artistic wealth into that central spot which has been dubbed for centuries "Nisfi Jahan" or "Half the World". The chief architect of this task of urban planning was Shaykh Bahai (Baha' ad-Din al-`Amili), who focused the programme on two key features of Shah Abbas's master plan: the Chahar Bagh avenue, flanked at either side by all the prominent institutions of the city, such as the residences of all foreign dignitaries, and the Naqsh-e Jahan Square.
This avenue is one of the most brilliant in architectural history of Iran and in this era and Whereas 4bagh avenue is the most important and praiseworthy features of historical city of Esfahan’s identity and is matchless art and the most important document in proving creativity, pondering and will of our ancients, you could not be inattentive to the details of its change and transition.
The method of this research is based on studies and the points have been mentioned in travelers’ itineraries and analyzing their contents as the most important historical sources.
The object of this research, is to recognize 4bagh abbasi avenue frame structure in Safavid era and mental exploring their design with traveler`s comments. Whereas, their physical indicator are so leftover, based on existing information from texts and documents, especially itinerary and we respond to questions such as what characteristics it would have and what changes it would have seen to itself.
In this case, by the aid of historical description and sources of travelers by comparing them to each other we can consider them. Also offering the pictures of each traveler help to identify them better. By contents which this illustrated documents present for confirmation and completion of written and pictorial sources, we can achieve to placement of elements in the street and the spaces around it and people’s social relations in Safavid and Qajar eras and came to the conclusion that the avenue had changes in each travelers’ visiting period and special in Safavid and Qajar era. For example we can notice to cultural system of this avenue that it had two rows of buttonwood trees in Safavid era and it had been increased to four rows in Qajar era, also in Qajar era and especially in domination of Zill al-Sultan on Esfahan this street had numerous damages.