عنوان مقاله [English]
Natural deterioration is only one of the identified threats to historic properties. There is a broader range of threats including natural and climatic effects and also human activities. The human acts are not limited to such anti-social behaviors that in behavioral sociology are known as vandalism; they also include culturally approved acts such as cultural rituals, etc. that are truly valued by their entire society. Sometimes these cultural acts could directly or indirectly cause damages to historic properties. This raises an important dilemma vis-à-vis to the preservation of cultural heritage and its tangible and intangible values: What should we preserve, the cultural property or the cultural practice? How is it possible to prevent damages to historic properties, but also to be able to preserve cultural practices that are essential characters to Cultural Landscape richness? In the preservation of cultural heritage, and more particularly those subjects related to the cultural landscape, understanding the integrity of the historic property and its related cultural beliefs support its success and authenticity.
This paper considers three such kinds of cultural behaviors from the wide variety of Iran’s cultural geography and analyzes their psychological, social and traditional aspects in order to examine the possibility of multi-preservation methods for these difficult cases.