عنوان مقاله [English]
The ideal city (utopia) is a symbol of an idealized reality with no fault. It can also represent an unachievable reality. What Fereydoun Moshiri depicted as an ideal city includes a city with features such as considering humanistic dimensions, equity, tenderness and love among all human beings. The idealistic elements of Sepehri’s poems can be also considered as a mystical and romantic approach. In his magnificent collection of poems named Hasht Ketab, Sepehri has pointed out some architectural elements such as house, portal, room, mosque and etc. and also some materials such as stones, flowers, clay and so on to interpret utopia in his own way.
Research objectives: The research attempts to discuss the concepts of utopia and dystopia from contemporary poet’s perspectives in both Sohrab Sepehri and Fereydoun Moshiri’s works.
Discussion: In this research, we have tried to analyze Hasht Ketab of Sohrab and Fereydoun Moshiri’s works to interpret the effectiveness of contemporary poetry and its components on the society, and also to depict a clear picture of these two poets’ idealism. The research first studies its background and then defines the utopia and examines the ideal city from great contemporary Iranian poets’ perspective, as well as the ideal and artistic elements in the poems.
Research methodology: A library research method and analyzing the content based on library studying is used in this paper.