1 مربی، عضو هیات علمی، بخش مرمت بناهای تاریخی، دانشکده ی هنر و معماری صبا، دانشگاه شهید باهنر کرمان، ایران.
2 مربی، عضو هیات علمی بخش مرمت بناهای تاریخی، دانشکده ی هنر و معماری صبا، دانشگاه شهید باهنر کرمان، ایران
عنوان مقاله [English]
The Zoroastrian’s tower of silence (Dakhma) in Kerman, is one of the most valuable religious monuments of Kerman and its history dates back to 1233-1261S.H.
Alongside, there is the main and older Dakhma that probably belongs to Sassanians. Since about 1320 S.H. that Zoroastrians burial tradition was changed because of the social and hygienic reasons, it was disused and now, is in undesirable condition.
On the base of contemporary theory of conservation, one of the best ways to conservation of architectural heritage is regeneration and rehabilitation and put them into consideration if possible.
There is three basic method to conserve an architectural monument based on contemporary and classical theories: the first one is protective preservation with focus on maintenance of physical conditions of monument in present situation and prevents it from changes; the second is restoration in old usage for continuity, and the third one is revitalization and rehabilitation with new usage that is relevance to the authenticity and identity.
Each of above methods will follow different problems that are depended on the type of monument and various values and conditions of physical and nonphysical status of the building.
At first, in this paper, the information of Dakhma gathered for the field study and then analyzed in qualitative research and deductive reasoning to find the best intervention in the monument.
In the end, according to the result of subject value essay and at the other hand, the needs of stakeholders, the third method as giving a new usage with emphasize the authenticity and identity of the subject regeneration it, is resulted.