نوع مقاله : مقالۀ پژوهشی
1 داشگاه علوم تحقیقات
2 دانشگاه ابهر
3 گروه زبان باستان شناسی، دانشگاه تربیت مدرس
عنوان مقاله [English]
Based on material evidence and written sources, the contribution and role of the metalwork of Khorasan, especially in the 13th century, which is one of the most active and the most outstanding metalworking schools in the Islamic period, is effective in developing the basic changes in the area of building and decoration of defined metal works and has given it a privileged position. But after the devastating attack of the Mongols, the destruction of Khorasan and the escape of artists to the west, it was the school of Mosul in northern Iraq that reached the sublime stance which earlier belonged to the great Khorasan. Though until the end of the 13th century the dominant style of Iranian metalworking was actually a combination of Iranian and Mosul styles, the reputation of the works of Mosul most of the exquisite objects produced at that time to be attributed to Mosul. However, a large part of the decorative motifs and themes in this area have been the realization of the continuation of the experiences of Iranian Islamic artists with a modern identity that artists took advantage based on their contemporary culture and region.
This article evaluates and studies the decorative motifs and the form of two metal samples (basin and tray) inthe museum of Reza Abassi,which both samples have some common features of Khorasani and Mosuli styles with the aim of determining their true origin. This paper uses a descriptive-analytical research method and desk research method attemmpting to define the origin of the two metallic works of the 13th and 14th centuries belonging to the museum of Reza Abbasi and also a separate analysis of motifs and decorative motifs seeks to find a compelling and rational answer to Iranian origin and the use Khorasani’s style in each of the above works. The results of the findings show that in spite of the use of some decorative elements in these works,they should not be attributed to countried neighboring countries of Iran. . . According to authorss of this article, the works were produced in the western part of Iran.