عنوان مقاله [English]
In the wake of anthropocentric thinking of Descartes, humans and the world surrounding them divided into two separate components. Highlighting the optical phase of contemporary environment, this separation becomes more obvious. Lots of phenomenologists like Martin Heidegger and Edmund Husserl tried to remove this separation, but he was Merleau-Ponti that considered the body as a primary factor in defining space and following Pontie’s theory, Steven Holl proposes the component of Parallax (the change in the arrangement of surface that defines space as a result of the change in the position of a viewer- is transformed when movement axes leave horizontal dimensions) and believes that spatial perception happens in case of breaking perspective, making oblique or vertical movements and finally adding time to space. The aim of this paper is the recognition of parallax and its design indicators in increasing the richness of environmental perception. In this way, the main question of research has been set: how is the relation between the parallax and bodily perception in the architecture of Steven Holl?
This research has a qualitative approach and with the philosophical framework of phenomenology and the help of the research model abstracted from theoretical foundations in addition to analyzing the case studies like: Helsinki museum (Kiasma), an exploration of IN and Tesseract of time, tries to understand parallax and indicators of it in enhancing the perception of the environment.
Oblique and vertical movements in space along with breaking the horizontal routine surfaces and creating the spatiality of perception with sequencing and combining various spatial views along with adding time are the indicators of the theory of parallax. The component of parallax is creating a way of bodily perception.