نوع مقاله : مقالۀ پژوهشی
1 کارشناس ارشد معماری. دانشکده هنر و معماری دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد علوم و تحقیقات تهران، ایران.
2 دانشیار دانشگاه بوعلی سینا
عنوان مقاله [English]
Hamedan with suitable climate has had great gardens. Unfortunately, many changes have taken place in the structure of city and many gardens have been added to the urban fabric for construction and a limited number of them have been rebuilt. Understanding the elements, reconstruction and rehabilitation of gardens should be based on scientific principles and integrated studies of the different of historical and cultural layers of gardens should be carried out. . As integrated studies on Hamadan gardens are not codified and on the other hand, the past and current situation is not documented, it is necessary to study and assess the reconstruction of their elements. This paper is based on the Charter of Florence and cataloging methods to study Nazari and American gardens in which there is an attempt to determine the spatial structure of the past and present through descriptive and analytical method in way of comparison and qualitative approach with a collection of documents, and the field work to answer these questions. What is documentation of Hamadan historical gardens to be used to rebuild them? How is the restored Hamedan garden structure evaluated on the basis of the Charter of Florence? How are different and common features found in the restoration and preservation of Hamedan gardens? The whole garden, garden characteristics - the physical structure of gardens – and garden history are document repertoires that should be taken into consideration in the reconstruction and rehabilitation of historical gardens. Studies of Nazari and American gardens show both gardens have been renovated on the present situation and not on the basis of Florence Charter. American garden has changed over time more and more. The greatest changes in both gardens according to data indexing method have been found are in the organization of the garden, building use the passage of time and the physical structure.