Rethinking in the Residential Environment’s Physical Changes’ Pace from Resident’s Point of View A Case Study in Niavaran Neighborhood, Tehran, Iran

Document Type : Research Article




Residential environments are constantly changing. Permanent Changes in the physical properties and residents’ constant contact with the never-ending cycle of construction is particularly important in assessing the quality of the residential environment by them. On the other hand, understanding how physical changes lead to interruption, or vice versa residents’ effective link with the environment, to assess the quality of the residential environment is essential. However, controlling the type and speed of physical changes in resident’s satisfaction have not been enough attention from policymakers in urban neighborhoods. Similarities and differences between the effective indices of residents’ affective appraisal in terms of satisfaction scale pace of physical changes, is the main question of this research. The aim of this research is achieving a theoretical framework for understanding the adaptation process and residents’ satisfaction with physical changes at different magnitude at residential alleys. Therefore, knowing how the type and intensity of physical changes identify by residents and their affective appraisals, is beneficial for understanding the complex process of adaptation and the factors influencing it. This mixed and exploratory research combined with qualitative and quantitative data gathering techniques such as interviews and morphological surveys over the last twenty years. Field of study was alleys of Niavaran neighborhood in north of Tehran. Qualitative phase  of research, provide the question’s exploration, data analysis by phenomenological interpretive research method and result’s space in low, medium, high and transformed pace of physical changes. The Likert Scale in five point scale questionnaire used to assess the validity and reliability of the results in the main and control alleys and purposive sampling was conducted.Using SPSS software, variance analysis and validation of questions in each species, Post-hoc analysis (LSD) and comparative analysis of six factor of the conceptual framework was done by Kruskal-Wallis test. The results of research approved the experience and affective appraisal criteria in the theoretical framework. But the satisfaction criteria shows significant differences at different speeds. Based on results, evaluation criteria and residents’ satisfaction in transformed alleys become different from the other cases. Because of the qualitative nature of getting resident’s experience in different environments. It’s running in the same neighborhoods can be a good background for meta-analysis studies and achieve a theoretical framework responsive to the same conditions of  the Tehran metro polis.


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