A Proposed Mechanism for Bridging Landscape Architects and Urban Designers in Common areas

Document Type : Research Article



Urban Design and Landscape Architecture are designated as new arts /sciences that are formed through combination of different artistic & scientific disciplines. The formal Emerge of urban design happened in 1960's while landscape architecture existed in the beginning of 20th century. Success of the fields even after a century can mainly attributed to their focus on environmental quality of public realms in cities. The modernity of two fields and participations regarding the goal and their view to the aspects of public realms, resulted in the ambiguous definitions which made their distinguished difficult. This article reviews background features of the two fields such as definitions and approaches to understand concepts and signify separation and subscription points with suitable suggestions at the end. The Expansion of activity zones, interaction and ambiguous roles of the two disciplines in design of urban environments cause the below questions:
Why do the ambiguous roles and duties between two fields form?
The Comparative analysis of literature related to the above interaction show that factors such as similarities between two fields, inter approaches and expanded area of them are the most important reasons for ambiguous roles. On the other hand, the content analysis of literature about filling the gap between the two disciplines explain that items such as professional interaction, common educational contents, identify professional roles and new approaches are the most important criteria for this phenomena