Document Type : Review Article
Ph.D. Graduated in Geography & Urban Planning, University of Zanjan
The present study is a geographical-philosophical introduction on the role of this concept in the public spaces of cities. Tit is necessary to study this issue in the urban-logical; Based on this, this research seeks to answer the following questions: What can be done to create successful cities in the 21st century ?, How can the role of face-to-face presence in creating public spaces of cities be viewed from the perspective Philosophically and scientifically explained? What is ideology? And what effects does it have on the physical, social, and psychological spaces of cities? How does the relationship between socialist and neoliberal ideology and the public spaces of the city create a space?
Research Objectives: The purpose of this article is to follow the concept of ideology and its relationship with urban public spaces from a geographical perspective in order to achieve urban spaces with human scale.
Research Method: In this research, the method of textual analysis has been used; To find the answer, we first try to explain the characteristics of a good city, the role of face-to-face presence in human interactions and the formation of the social, and the use of different socialist and neoliberal ideologies as special case studies.
Conclusion: The results show that Contraction and expansion of the concept of public space in cities in accordance with various ideologies changes its spatial, social and psychological form and to create an active, vibrant and democratic civil society in which the concept of the right to the city to find its true form, creating the possibility and opportunity for social interaction and exchange, is one of the requirements for the creation of this matter and also the factor of the success of cities in the past and will be in the future.