برج مسکونی در لابه‌لای سطرهای یک رمان؛ خوانش معنای ساختمان‌های بلند مسکونی در بررسی رمان «ر ه ش»

نوع مقاله : مقالۀ پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دکتری معماری، گروه معماری، واحد بروجرد، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، بروجرد، ایران.

2 استادیار گروه معماری، واحد همدان، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، همدان، ایران.

3 استادیارگروه معماری داخلی، دانشکدة معماری و شهرسازی، دانشگاه هنر، تهران، ایران.

4 دانشیار گروه طراحی شهری، دانشکده معماری و شهرسازی، دانشگاه هنر، تهران، ایران.

چکیده

بیان مسئله: یکی از پدیده‌های معماری معاصر ساختمان‌های بلند مسکونی هستند. از آنجا که پدیده‌ای چندجانبه هستند، باید در مطالعات بین‌رشته‌ای دیده شوند. مسئلة این پژوهش، معنای این ساختمان‌هاست. یکی از سویه‌های معنایی معماری افزون بر معنای کالبدی و کارکردی، معنای اجتماعی و فرهنگی آن است که حاصل برهم‌کنش پیوندهای اجتماعی، ارزش‌های جامعه، کالبد و کارکرد ساختمان‌هاست.
هدف: این پژوهش در پی شناخت بخشی از معانی فرهنگی و اجتماعی ساختمان‌های بلند مسکونی است. این کار با بازخوانی ادبیات به عنوان یکی از منابع نشانه‌شناختی گفتمان اجتماعی و فرهنگی صورت گرفته است. با این هدف، پس از بررسی ادبیات داستانی معاصر ایران، داستان بلند «ر ه ش» انتخاب شده که بیش از بقیه داستان‌ها به این پدیده پرداخته است.
روش تحقیق: این پژوهش در پارادایم شناخت‌شناسی پساساختارگرا، با رویکرد کیفی و به روش نشانه‌شناسی گفتمانی (پساساختارگرا) انجام گرفته است. پژوهش به لحاظ نوع نتایج، توصیفی-تحلیلی و به لحاظ هدف، نظری است. شیوة تحلیلی در این پژوهش تحلیل گفتمان انتقادی هالیدی و با شیوة استدلال پس‌کاوی است و گردآوری داده‌ها با شیوة کتابخانه‌ای صورت گرفته است.
نتیجهگیری: این پژوهش نشان داد ساختمان‌های بلند مسکونی در گفتمان پایداری اجتماعی، چالش با خانة آرمانی، طبیعت شهر، دید و منظر، سلامت شهروندان، نقش مادرانه و همسرانه، برخی ارزش‌های اجتماعی مانند سرمایه‌داری و تجمل‌گرایی و پیوندهای همسایگی قرار دارند. بدین‌رو زمینه‌ساز دگرگونی‌های اجتماعی- فرهنگی از جمله نقش زن در خانواده، تظاهر و تجمل‌گرایی و تخریب بافت سنتی و فضای سبز هستند که بیشتر در جوامع شهری بزرگ انعکاس یافته و متأثر از تصمیم‌های مدیران و در سایة رقابت‌های سیاسی است.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

A residential tower in between of the lines of a novel; Reading the meaning of high-rise residential buildings in reviewing the novel “R.H.SH”

نویسندگان [English]

  • Yasser Amirsardari 1
  • Manouchehr Foroutan 2
  • Manoochehr Moazzami 3
  • Maryam Mohammadi 4
1 Ph.D. in Architecture, Department of Architecture, Brroujerd Branch, Islamic Azad University, Brroujerd, Iran.
2 Assistant Professor, Department of Architecture, Hamedan Branch, Islamic Azad University, Hamedan, Iran.
3 Assistant Professor, Department of Interior Architecture, Faculty of Architecture and Urban Planning, University of Art, Tehran, Iran.
4 Associate Professor, Department of urban planning & Design, College of Architecture and Urban Planning, University of Art, Tehran, Iran.
چکیده [English]

Statement of problem: One of the contemporary architectural phenomena is high-rise buildings. Because they are multifaceted, they should be seen in interdisciplinary studies. The problem with this research is the meaning of these buildings. One of the semantic aspects of architecture in addition to its physical and functional meaning is its social and cultural meaning, which is the result of the interaction of social connections, community values, the body and the function of buildings.
Research objective: This study seeks to understand some of the cultural and social meanings of high-rise residential buildings. This has been done by reviewing literature as one of the semiotic sources of social and cultural discourse. To this end, after reviewing contemporary Iranian fiction, the novel “Rahesh” has been selected, which has addressed this phenomenon more than any other story.
Research method: This study was conducted in a post-structuralist cognitive paradigm with a qualitative approach using discursive semiotic (post-structuralist) method. The research is descriptive-analytical in terms of type of results and theoretical in terms of purpose. The analytical method used in this study is the analysis of the Holliday Critical Discourse, with the retroductive method, and the data were collected using a library method.
Conclusion: This study showed that high-rise residential buildings in social sustainability discourse, challenge to ideal home, urban nature, visions, citizen health, maternal and spouse role, some social values ​​such as capitalism and luxury and links of these, are in the neighborhood. Thus, the underlying socio-cultural transformations, including the role of women in the family, the pretentiousness and the destruction of traditional contexts and green spaces, are most reflected in large urban communities and are influenced by managers’ decisions and political competition.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Architectural Meaning
  • discourse semiotics
  • Social Sustainability
  • Residential Building
  • Novel
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