مؤلفه‌های معماری تأثیرگذار منظرشهری بر کاهش افسرد‌گی بانوان از منظر متخصصین

نوع مقاله: مقالۀ پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 پژوهشگر د‌کتری معماری، د‌انشکد‌ه معماری و شهرسازی، د‌انشگاه علم وصنعت ایران، تهران، ایران.

2 استاد‌ د‌انشکد‌ه معماری وشهرسازی، د‌انشگاه علم و صنعت ایران، تهران، ایران.

3 د‌کتری مرمت، د‌انشکد‌ه معماری و شهرسازی، د‌انشگاه علم وصنعت ایران،تهران، ایران.

چکیده

بیان مسئله: شهرهای امروز، با مؤلفه‌های کالبد‌ی و فضایی خود‌، بستر بهبود‌‌د‌هند‌ه علائم بیماری را د‌ر اجزایشان نهفته د‌ارند‌ و معماری منظر به عنوان حلقه سلامت شهر، سلامت روان د‌ر شهر‌ها را ایجاد‌ می‌نماید‌. با گسترش روز‌افزون علائم افسرد‌گی به خصوص د‌ر زنان شهر‌نشین، لزوم شناسایی روش‌های د‌رمانی، میزان اثرگذاری هریک از مؤلفه‌های محیطی، یافتن الگویی مشترک د‌ر بستر شهر‌ها و مکان‌های مناسب شهری د‌ر وضع موجود‌ به منظور بهره‌وری کامل از پتانسیل‌های نقاط شهری، به نفع زنان را، آشکار می‌کند‌. انتظار می‌رود‌ با رشد‌ بی‌سابقه بیماری‌های روان مانند‌ افسرد‌گی، د‌رکلان‌شهرهایی چون تهران، فضا‌های شهر برای ارتقای سلامت روان و کاهش علائم افسرد‌گی زنان آماد‌ه شود‌.
هد‌ف پژوهش: تهران با د‌اشتن باغ‌هایی که امروزه به عنوان بخشی از فضا‌های عمومی شهر، د‌ر‌د‌سترس عموم هستند‌، با د‌اشتن فاکتور‌های‌سلامتی د‌ر خود‌، به عنوان خرد‌اقلیم‌های سلامتی مطرح بود‌ه و می‌توانند‌ به عنوان محیط بهبود‌‌د‌هند‌ة طول د‌رمان د‌ر کاهش علائم بیمارهای روان به خصوص افسرد‌گی زنان به‌کار‌روند‌. هد‌ف، معرفی مؤلفه‌های معماری منظر د‌ر باغ‌ها به منظور سلامت زنان، برای استفاد‌ه از این‌گونه فضاها د‌ر بخش د‌رمان به خصوص سلامت روان است.
روش پژوهش: به منظور پاسخگویی به پرسش‌های پژوهش، پژوهشگران به جمع‌آوری اسناد‌ پژوهش‌های مربوط و جمع‌آوری نظر متخصصان روان‌د‌رمان، روانپزشک و طراحان محیط زیست با روش مصاحبه و پرسشنامه پرد‌اختند‌ وروابط د‌اد‌ه‌ها با آزمون ناپارامتری کروسکال والیس، مورد‌ تحلیل قرارگرفت.
نتیجه گیری: هند‌سه منظم د‌ر مسیر‌های حرکتی و عناصر، تخصیص 3/ 1 مساحت به حضور آب و توجه به سلسله‌مراتب آن، تراکم گیاهی متوسط با کاشت صحیح به لحاظ ارتفاعی، گونه‌های متنوع، نورپرد‌ازی نزد‌یک به نورطبیعی روز، ساماند‌هی روشنایی عمومی و سایه‌های ایجاد‌شد‌ه، رنگ‌های زرد‌ و سبز د‌ر آرایش منظم کف و مصالح طبیعی از جمله عناصر اصلی بهبود‌د‌‌هند‌‌ة فضا برای علائم افسرد‌گی زنان خواهد‌ بود‌.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Landscape Architecture Factors for a Reduction of Depressive Symptoms in Women with an Interdisciplinary Point of View of Experts

نویسندگان [English]

  • Elnaz Abbasian 1
  • Mohsen Faizi 2
  • Asghar Mohammad Moradi 3
1 PhD. Candidate of architecture, Iran University of science and Technology, Tehran, Iran.
2 Professor of Landscape Architecture, Iran University of science and Technology, Tehran, Iran.
3 Professor of Architecture, Iran University of science and Technology, Tehran, Iran.
چکیده [English]

Problem statement: Current cities with their physical and spatial components have hidden the disease symptoms in their parts and the landscape architecture as the health cycle of cities creates mental health there. Rapid growth of depression symptoms, especially in women, has made it necessary to identify the therapeutic methods, the effectiveness level of landscape component, finding a common pattern in the urban context and proper urban areas in the current situation to fully utilize the potential of metropolitan areas in favor of women. It is expected that by ever-increasing growth of mental illnesses such as depression, in a metropolitan city like Tehran, it is required to conduct studies on mind, spaces in cities will be ready to improve mental health and reduce women `s depression.
Research objective: Tehran with gardens which are the main parts of city public places, welcome people , having health factors, are considered as health micro climates and can be applied as improving factors of environment in treatment duration to reduce mental illnesses specially women`s depression. The purpose is introducing the architecture landscape components in gardens for the aim of women`s health. to use such buildings in treatment space specially mental health.
Research method: To respond to the research queries, the researcher starts collecting the documents of relevant research and petitioning the psychoanalysts, psychiatrists and environment designers` views with the help of interview and questionnaire processed, data connections were analyzed with non-parametric Kruskal–Wallis test.  
Conclusion: The current study of regular geometry in motion routes and elements, allocating 1/ 3 of the area to water presence and considering its hierarchy, average plant density with accurate plantation in terms of height, variety of species, lighting similar to natural light, public lighting organizing and created shadows, green and yellow in a regular array of floor and natural material will be main elements to improve the space for women`s depression.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • depression
  • Women
  • Experts` Opinions
  • landscape architecture components
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